This article is a research record on the
ongoing transformation of the public sphere in
Indonesia. Where the characteristics and behaviors of
users of the public sphere experience dialectics, the cause
is the hegemony of a capitalist group's domination over
another (dominated) group by means of incorporating
dictated idealism, then accepted as something natural.
For example, the 'indoctrination of architectural design'
which causes the commodification of public space, raises
a new awareness for users of public space and
unconsciously they raise their status to the middle class,
follow popular culture, and imitate the behavior or
lifestyle of the bourgeois class. These are all illusions that
capitalists deliberately create so that the characteristics
of the dominated people lose their ideology and identity
as free individuals. Public space becomes a new means of
accommodating all those desires, so it is difficult to avoid
how then public space transforms, and no longer
becomes a social space that is free to be accessed by the
public at no cost.
Keywords : Transformation, Capitalist Hegemony; Commudification of public spaces; Social space.