Text Mining Applications in Discourse Analysis and Modern Trends (Bid Data Methods on Political Speeches)


Authors : Dagiimaa Balaanz; MUNKHCHIMEG Otgonchuluun

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3r1oLz9

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6408984

Superstructure” or the macro structure is to define the super content model that applies to all structures from the smallest to the highest, or covers all levels from the base to the top. It includes all branched meanings beyond basic ideas and structures, or ideas derived from systems. The text represents the most important, core content based on the text. “Topic” refers to the general idea of the subtext that makes up any source text, or the “topic” that represents the core value of each complex. The concepts on “mental model”was created by Carsten Held in 2006. The mental model refers to the scope of understanding general knowledge in a wide range of areas: mind, knowledge, memory, experience, and information. The mental model is a key issue in language, behavior, and cognition. The mental model may be different for each individual’s perceptions, angles, and worldviews, and may be seen as an internal expression of the perception of external reality. Human cognition is a key strategy for the environment, events, decision-making, and problemsolving. In framework of the study, it tries to prove automatic text tools can export the same concepts as the humans do. The studies are processed in political speeches. Political discourse analysis: In order to understand political discourse, it is necessary to study the following issues, including the expression of meanings of space, time, and nature. These concepts represent the realities of the world and of humanity. In other words, human beings use it to evaluate events, people, their behavior, places, and any phenomena that happen to them. This applies to the notion of self-esteem (Chilton, Schaffner, 1997), and space is an expression of materiality and metaphor. An approach to the issue of time or to a historical approach is also important. (ibid: 56) The concept of political discourse is related to time, such as yesterday, tomorrow, and before the war. (ibid) The concept of time, now or today, is the most important concept and determines other expressions depending on how far and close they are from the center. (ibid: 58) In political discourse, this concept determines whether reforms are taking place and whether national past victories are present.

Keywords : text mining, graph of word analysis, text automatic tools, Pearson’s correlation, Cronbach’s Alpha, macro structure, mental model.

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