The Ambient Toilet (Intervention): Curtailing Open Defecation through Smart Architecture & Art

Authors : Stephen Inji Makama; Hamsatu Saleh; Christiana Omolara Agyeno

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 5 - May

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It is alarming that in the 21st century open defecation is still a worldwide problem. Open defecation (OD) is a major health problem in many parts of the world. In Nigeria this is very prevalent due to the unavailability of toilet facilities. There is also a culture of lack of maintenance and inability to use conventional toilets. The authors of this paper believe that the problem of OD is with the enclosed toilet space in Nigeria. The authors also believe that esthetic toilet design and interior complemented with lighting, colors and ambient music can attract people to use indoor toilets. It is also possible to change this perception by transforming the conventional toilet facility into an experience possibly in the same way people visit a museum appreciate artwork. This paper examines some of these perceptions about indoor defecation and seeks to give answers to why this is the case. The study argues that many who use conventional toilet facilities would rather opt for OD. The methodology used is a Survey Research Method utilizing a closed ended questionnaire. The respondents are randomly selected included students, workers and entrepreneurs. The results indicate that all the respondents considered OD as negative and needs to be stopped.

Keywords : Ambient, Open Defecation, Indoor Toilet, Conventional.


Paper Submission Last Date
30 - September - 2021

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