The Chemical Composition and Pharmaceutical Effect of Celosia cristata: A Review on Nutritional Aspect


Authors : Dhananjay Sharma ; Dr. Luxita Sharma

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 7 - July

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Prehistoric man is known to utilize the plant as medicine for period millenary. A large number of plants are using in medicinal practice not only in Chinese Traditional Medicine but also in Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine. This review focus on chemical composition and pharmaceutical effect based on nutrient present in Celosia cristata. Celosia cristata are the ornamental as well as medicinal, herbaceous, annual dicotyledon plant. It belongs to the familyAmaranthaceae. It is well known as cockscomb,crested Celosia, laal murga (in local), and jataadhaari (in Ayurveda). It is mostly found in southern China and tropical and subtropical regions around the world like Africa, India, and Southern America. The plant contains attractive and conspiciuous inflorescence, with numerous tiny seeds. The plant has been used in several clinical conditions like dysentery, extreme menstruation, intestinal bleeding, mouth sores, and eye disease. To estimate nutritional component physiochemical, fluorescence, and physiochemical assessment method done. Physiochemical analysis of Celosia cristata shows the carbohydrates, proteins, alkaloids, saponin, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, tannins, and triterpenoids are present. The said plant illustrates many different pharmacological activities like antihepatotoxic, adipogenic, antioxidant, anthelmintic, antiviral, antimicrobial, cytotoxic, antidiabetic, and hemostatic effects.

Keywords : DPPH, Celosia, Chemical Composition, Pharmaceutical Effect, Antioxidant, Antiviral, Cytotoxic, Betalain

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