The Colonial Educational Policy for Indigeous Malays and Vietnamese People – A Comparative Research


Authors : Dang Van Chuong; Nguyen Thi Vinh Linh; Nguyen Huu Phuc

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 1 - January

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

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After controlling the social and political situation in Malay peninsula and Indochinese peninsula, at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, both the British and French colonial governments paid attention to convert the traditional education in these communities. In British Malaya, the colonial government applied a separate educational policy toward communities of native Malays, Chinese, and Indians. Meanwhile, in the French Indochina, the colonial government implemented educational reforms consistently for all communities, including Vietnamese, Laotian, Khmer, and other minorities. However, within this article, we only focus on the British colonial government's educational policy towards the indigenous Malay community as well as education reforms of the French colonial government towards the Vietnamese community. On that basis, the article draws the similarities and differences between these two education policies. To do this research, we used the historical analysis method and comparative research method based on relevant historical sources.

Keywords : British Malaya,French Indochina,English Colonial Government, Education, Indigenous Malay Community, Vietnamese People.

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