This paper deals with the notion of sustainable development: the case of electricity production from the solar energy. This amounts to studying the different dimensions of sustainable development in relation to energy and the two main approaches of this development. For this purpose we will develop and process the different characteristics of the PV cell by integrating the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) command of the photovoltaic panel that is focus on the fractional open-circuit voltage (FOV) and Fractional short circuit current (FSC) algorithms in order to have a better sustainable development and to reduce the cost of electrical installations in different fields. The results of a simulation are discussed to check the performance or quality and to prove the efficiency of the proposed MPPT commands for tracking the maximum power point of the PV panel.
Keywords : Energy, Sustainable Development, Society, Environment, Economy, Photovoltaic (PV), MPPT Algorithm, FOV, FSC, DC-DC Boost Converter.