The Detail Pharmacognostic Account On Plant Beach Spider Lily (Hymenocallis Littoralis)

Authors : Pinki Jaiswal; Sarang Jadhav; Kaushal Isame; Sunny Gupta; Ms. Shubhangi Kshirsagar; Dr. Smita Takarkhede

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 3 - March

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Beach spider lily plant is tall with narrow sword shaped leaves and spider shaped petals containing white flower born in a cluster. The plant is antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiparasitic. The aim of the present study was to carry out detail pharmacognostic analysis of beach spider Lily plant (hymenocallis littoralis) family: amaryllidaceae. The present study deals with pharmacognostic characters as identification parameters of the leaves, flower, bulb and root which were subjected to macroscopic and microscopic evaluation. Phytochemical and physicochemical studies were done using standard recommended parameters and histological features of leaves such as stomatal number and stomatal index was also calculated by calibration of stomata as per standard procedure. The macroscopic study of leaf showed smooth leaf surface with entire margin while venation was parallel, acute at apex and flower was white in Color with six petals and 6 seamen with dorsifixed anther, while stigma was minute and trilocular and superior ovary. The microscopic study revealed the presence of paracytic stomata, lignified fiber, epidermis in leaf while flower showed anther, pollen, lignified fiber, phloem fiber and collenchyma, parenchyma, lignified epidermis, lignified fiber were present in bulb. The microscopic study of root revealed the presence of phloem, phloem fiber, non lignified fiber and brownish matter. Physicochemical parameters such as ash value and extractive value were also determined. The preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, tannins and carbohydrates. The present study will be useful in authentication and identification of crude drug.

Keywords : beach spider Lily, leaf, flower, pharmacognostic, physicochemical, phytochemical.


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