This study attempts to analyze the
determinants of bond rating in Indonesia. The purpose
of this study is to determine factors influencing bond
rating using separate test. The study uses financial
ratios such as Leverage Ratio, Liquidity Ratio,
Profitability and Firm Size. This study examines
corporate bond that listed at Indonesian Stock
Exchange for the period of 2014-2018. This research
employs ordinal logistic regression. the conclusions that
can be drawn from this study are as follows:
Leverage (Debt on Equity Ratio / DER) negatively
affects bond ratings, this is because some companies
in this study have guarantees or are guaranteed by
their parent companies so that bond ratings are not
based on financial ratios but rather from companies
that guarantee them. If the company's debts are
weak, it will be strengthened by the company that
guarantees, so the bonds will be ranked the same as
the guaranteed company.
Liquidity (Current Ratio / CR) has a negative effect
on bond ratings, a company that has a high liquidity
means its current assets are greater than current
debt, so that if there is a change in economic or
financial conditions, then the current assets can be
used to meet obligations companies related to bonds
when they are due.
Profitability (Return on Assets / ROA) has a positive
effect on bond ratings, companies that have a good
level of profitability, will make investors interested
in investing their capital in the company because this
ratio is one indicator used as a reference for
investors in choosing companies to invest the capital.
Firm Size (LnSize) has a positive effect on bond
ratings, for investors, companies that have high total
assets are considered good companies.
Keywords : Bond Rating, Leverage , Liquidity, Profitability, Firm Size , Ordinal Logistic Regression.