The Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions (Cognitive Behavior Therapy Vs Light Therapy) for Depression among the Alcoholic Population at Psychiatric Unit, GMKMCH, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

Authors : R. Myvizhi; Dr. P. Padmavathi; Dr. B. Tamilarasi

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

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Alcoholic beverages are known entertained source since from Vedic period; which are commonly used for worship purposes, medicinal preparations, and widely consumed as a mind relaxants. Alcohol contents is a central nervous system depressant that reduces anxiety, fear inhibition and divert the feelings of guilt. Liqueur contents lowers mind alertness and impairs the perception, judgment, and muscle coordination. In high doses of alcohol consumption can cause addiction, loss of consciousness and even death. in India, the survey reports reveals the problems associated with intake of alcohol are spousal assaults in family 62%, day today spousal abuse 50%, road traffic accidental fatalities 45%, child abuse reports 38%, registered rape complaints 32%, murder case reports 49%, suicidal cases 20% in the percentages listed. The major FIR reports are much focused on the spousal abuse and assaults. In this study focused the effectiveness of complimentary therapies refers to the significant reduction in depressive symptoms scores among alcoholic dependents after the administration of CBT Vs Light therapy as measured by the decreased post test score on the Modified Beck’s Depression scale. The pilot study showed that combination of psychosocial treatments may help accelerate the treatment gains for Alcoholic patients with depression. Hence, the Cognitive behavior therapy Vs light therapy can be used as a complementary therapies for Alcoholic patients with depression.  Design Quasi experimental design, where 2 experimental group pre-test post-test design. Settings The pilot study was conducted at the Psychiatric department, Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College and hospital, Salem. The Simple Random sampling technique was used to select the samples from the alcoholic patients admitted with the depressive symptoms in psychiatric unit for alcoholic addiction treatment. Only Male Patients those fulfilling the inclusion criteria and admitted as inpatient in Psychiatric department, GMKMCH. The pre and Post- test was assessed based on modified Beck’s depression II scale over time interval of 30 days. Result The study showed the result as reducing the level of depressive symptoms among 10 alcoholic clients in two experimental group after administration of Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) Vs Light therapy (LT) 60% are having mild level depression score, 40% of them having borderline clinical depression score, none of them are having moderate level of depression score, no severe depression score and none of them are having extreme depression score with mean and standard deviation as 13.4 ± 18.8. While comparing to the table value, it showed that the calculated ‘t’ value was greater than the table value at 0.001 level of significance. It shows CBT Vs LT is effective in reduction of depression among alcoholic patients. Conclusions The pilot study findings suggest that differences between CBT and LT following 6 weeks of treatment are quite small and that powering studies to detect thesedifferences would not represent cost-effective use of resources to the alcoholic depressive patients.

Keywords : Alcoholic Depression, Psychological Interventions, CBT, Light Therapy and Depression Scale.


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