Diabetes is one of the most significant chronic illness
as it cannot be completely cured, and this can affect the
economic development significantly. According to
International Diabetes Federation (IDF), it is reported that
there are 285 million patients with diabetes globally, and it
is expected to soar to over 435 million by 20301
around 4.8 million adults in Thailand suffer from diabetes,
and complications tend to occur when their higher ages.
This was mainly due to a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and an
increase in age. From the total number of patients, there are
only 35.6 percent or 2.6 million people who have been
diagnosed and properly received a treatment, and there are
only 0.9 million people whose symptoms are under control.
Therefore, this results in the number of mortalities of over
200 people per day. It is predicted that the prevalence of
diabetes will surge to 5.3 million people by 20402
. For those
who do have a poor control of their blood sugar level, this
can result them in many complications, including diabetic
retinopathy, coronary artery disease, Chronic kidney
diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and neuropathy3
. Also, it
is very likely that they will get a diabetic foot wound that
could result in amputation.