The Epidemiological Profile of Night-Time Psychiatric Emergencies at the Dalal Xel Mental Health Center in Thies, Senegal.


Authors : Ibra DIAGNE; Maimouna DIEYE; Khadim SECK; Ndeye Diale NDIAYE-NDONGO; Aida SYLLA

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3NxWxFb

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6569975

This study aimed to draw up an epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic profile of patients received in night consultations at the Dalal Xel mental health center in Thies, Senegal. The study was retrospective and descriptive, conducted over one year from 1 January to 31 December 2020. The information was collected from the patients' paper consultation register and medical records. All incomplete records were excluded from the study. Our study population consisted of 1140 patients, 59.6% male, and 40.4% female. The average age was 31.6 years. Wolofs were the dominant ethnic group with 38.3% of cases and most patients were from the Thies region (82.4%). More than half of the patients were single (59.7%). The level of education was secondary in 37.1% of cases. Most consultants were not professionally active (62.6%). The 5 to 11 p.m. time slot was the most frequented with 76.9% of consultations. 91.1% of emergency room consultations were requested by a family member or friend. Agitation was the most important reason for emergency room visits (25.7%), followed by insomnia (22.1%). 53.3% of patients had a personal psychiatric history. The main diagnostic categories were brief psychotic disorders (32.3%), schizophrenic disorders (18%), and bipolar affective disorders (15.9%). Injectable drug treatment was the most used therapeutic method (67%) and the nature of the treatment used during psychiatric care at the Dalal Xel mental health center in Thies was neuroleptics and anxiolytics in 71.3% and 65.4% respectively. This descriptive study shows that the population seen in psychiatric emergencies at the Dalal Xel mental health center in Thies is young, mostly male, single, with a low level of education and no profession, and most often arrive at the emergency room between 5 and 11 pm. A similar profile has been identified in the national and international literature on the same subject.

Keywords : Impact, COVID-19, Mental health, Dalal Xel, Senegal.

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