This research explores the flavor profile of
Arabica coffee from Semendo, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
Arabica coffee from Semendo is renowned for its unique
flavor profile, characterized by dominant acidity and
sweetness. The coffee processing methods and brewing
techniques play a crucial role in creating diverse flavor
characteristics. Additionally, geographic factors such as
elevation and climate conditions impact the quality of
Arabica coffee from Semendo. This study aims to delve
deeper into the coffee processing methods and brewing
techniques of Arabica coffee from Semendo and the
factors influencing its flavor. We applied a qualitative
descriptive approach using data collection methods
including interviews, field observations, and
documentation. We explored how processing methods,
such as the natural method, washed method, and honey
process, and brewing techniques, including espresso-
based and manual brew, impart unique flavor
characteristics to Arabica coffee from Semendo. Our data
shows that the natural processing method produces coffee
with a dominant sweetness and distinctive floral aroma.
The washed method brings out sharp fruitiness and high
acidity, creating a fresh and profound coffee-drinking
experience. Meanwhile, the honey process exhibits special
sweetness with a prominent fruity touch. The roasting of
coffee beans by roasters also has a significant impact on
the flavor profile of Arabica coffee from Semendo.
Lighter roasting results in a bright flavor with strong
acidity, while darker roasting imparts heavy and bold
flavor characteristics. Brewing methods such as espresso-
based and manual brew influence the coffee's viscosity,
intensity, and acidity. Espresso-based brewing provides a
more intense and bold flavor experience, while manual
brew yields a lighter and well-balanced coffee. Our
research methods included interviews with coffee
farmers, baristas, and customers, observations in
Semendo coffee plantations, and documentary studies to
gain a profound understanding of Arabica coffee from
Semendo. Our data highlights the importance of selecting
the right processing and brewing methods to create a
flavor experience aligned with individual preferences.
The results of this research are expected to provide
valuable guidance for coffee producers, artisans, and
coffee enthusiasts who wish to better understand and
appreciate the diverse and unique flavor characteristics
of Arabica coffee from Semendo.
Keywords : Arabica, Semendo, Flavor Profile, Methods, Processing, Brewing, Roasting, Characteristics.