The Impact and Adaptation of the Thai Households in the Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) Pandemic Situation

Authors : Dr. Pajaree Polprasert; Witaeak Sawamgjit; Natthanan Khongyingyai

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 12 - December

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The goals of this study were to 1) investigate the impact of Thai households in the COVID-19 pandemic situation and 2) investigate the adaptation of Thai households in the COVID-19 pandemic situation. The sample consisted of participants aged 20 years and over who were heads of private households or household members who could give information about their households (n = 31,394). The unit of analysis was private households in 77provinces of Thailand by collecting data from at least 400 households per province. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The two statistics used in the research were number and percentage. The results showed that 1) for the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economic aspect, household incomes were reduced and savings were reduced. As a result, spending on consumer goods has decreased. For the health aspect, they required protection from infection and additional health care. Furthermore, the majority of them were concerned about infecting themselves and their family members.For the social aspect, it was found that it would affect meeting with neighbors or people in the community, participating in community activities, as well as various social events. However, it also made people learn to use new technologies more and they were at risk of receiving false information from various technological media. Mental health problems caused by anxiety when receiving information from various technological media and physical health problems from the use of communication devices were found. It also affected the educational activities of each household as a whole, causing more burdens, obstacles, or problems than normal conditions in all activities. As for the adaptation in various aspects, it was found that the participants had a new adaptation known as the "New Normal" way of life, which had caused social and economic changes in Thai households, such as having to reduce the size of their businesses. On the other hand, the participants had more self-improvement through online self-learning. They turned to cooking food for the family; furthermore, they grew vegetables for household consumption. Online shopping has also been increasing. There was a financial plan and a career plan to adapt to their lives. Most of them have adapted their health behaviors to prevent further infection with COVID-19. There were ways to relieve anxiety by maintaining normal social relationships among members of the households, communicating through the smartphone channel and increasing social networks. Households are increasingly adapting to learning technology. In terms of education, it was found that teaching and caring for children and grandchildren of family members had to be allocated to online learning.

Keywords : Impact, Adaptation, COVID-19, Thailand


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31 - May - 2023

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