The purpose of this review is to compile the
previous, current, and upcoming trends of water
management and irrigation program development to
raise crop production and ensure smallholder food
security in Ethiopia. Integrated water management and
irrigation development have been suggested to be a
fundamental crucial part in decreasing food scarcity
and alleviating poverty. Several organizations of
irrigation schemes in Ethiopia have very weak
institutional set up with limited financial and technical
capacities and poor performance. Also, the existing
performance of agricultural water development is not
meaningfully contributing to the national economy of
the country comparing to rain-fed farming.
Keywords : Climate change; Food security; Integrated management; Water resource; Soil conservation; Dryland farming; Irrigation scheme.