The Influence of Community Characteristics and Social Capital on the Form of Community Participation in the Management Facilities and Infrastructure of Perumnas Bukit Sendangmulyo, Semarang


Authors : Mutia Fikriyani; Asnawi Manaf

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3KHMbDZ

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7809308

Abstract : The absence of clarity on the management of the Perumnas area in the transitional position of handing over between Perumnas and the city government like this is very interesting to study because this gap is an opportunity for research on how the attitude of the occupants of the Perumnas is when faced with problems like this. In this case, it is hoped that the initiative and creativity of the residents of the national housing complex will develop in order to achieve the goals of the SDGs, which are designed in a participatory manner. The diversity of community characteristics in social life has indirectly formed social capital, which in turn influences community participation in the management of national housing facilities. This study aims to examine the influence of community characteristics and social capital on the form of community participation in managing the infrastructure of Perumnas Bukit Sendangmulyo. This study uses quantitative research methods with descriptive statistical analysis techniques, weighting and regression. Methods of data collection use questionnaires, field observations, and institutional surveys. The research object was the people of Perumnas Bukit Sendangmulyo, who were divided based on the type of occupancy types 21, 36 and 45. The results showed that in general, community participation in occupants of type 36 was higher than community participation in occupants of types 21 and 45. This can be seen from the large amount of participation provided by the community. Most of the participation is given by residents of type 21 in the form of proposal, suggestions and energy. For occupants of type 36, the majority participation is in the form of advice, property, and labor. Meanwhile, for occupants of type 45, the majority participation is in the form of advice and property

Keywords : Community Characteristics, Social Capital, Community Participation.

The absence of clarity on the management of the Perumnas area in the transitional position of handing over between Perumnas and the city government like this is very interesting to study because this gap is an opportunity for research on how the attitude of the occupants of the Perumnas is when faced with problems like this. In this case, it is hoped that the initiative and creativity of the residents of the national housing complex will develop in order to achieve the goals of the SDGs, which are designed in a participatory manner. The diversity of community characteristics in social life has indirectly formed social capital, which in turn influences community participation in the management of national housing facilities. This study aims to examine the influence of community characteristics and social capital on the form of community participation in managing the infrastructure of Perumnas Bukit Sendangmulyo. This study uses quantitative research methods with descriptive statistical analysis techniques, weighting and regression. Methods of data collection use questionnaires, field observations, and institutional surveys. The research object was the people of Perumnas Bukit Sendangmulyo, who were divided based on the type of occupancy types 21, 36 and 45. The results showed that in general, community participation in occupants of type 36 was higher than community participation in occupants of types 21 and 45. This can be seen from the large amount of participation provided by the community. Most of the participation is given by residents of type 21 in the form of proposal, suggestions and energy. For occupants of type 36, the majority participation is in the form of advice, property, and labor. Meanwhile, for occupants of type 45, the majority participation is in the form of advice and property

Keywords : Community Characteristics, Social Capital, Community Participation.

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