The Influence of Intellectual Capital with Sub Components to Financial Performance: Empirical Study of Islamic Banking in Indonesia


Authors : Toufan Aldian Syah; Akhmad Fauzan

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 8 - August

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3jqSIlY

DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20AUG420

- This paper aims to empirically examine the effect of intangible resources, namely intellectual capital (IC) on the financial performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia for the period 2013-2019. The data needed to calculate the different IC constituents comes from the financial statement data of each Islamic bank, which is the research sample, namely the Islamic bank, which is a foreign exchange bank. Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC) The methodology designed by Pulic is used to determine the impact of IC on Islamic banking's financial performance. The results show a significant positive relationship between the Sub-component Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC), namely Human Capital Efficiency (HCE), Structure Capital Efficiency (SCE), and Capital Employed Efficiency (CEE) which have a significant influence on the financial performance of Islamic banking proxied by ROA. Overall, the results show that HCE, SCE, and CEE strongly influence Islamic banks' ability to earn profits. The main limitation of this study lies in its measurement method, the VAIC methodology, which has been criticized by some researchers as not measuring IC. These findings can be useful input for Islamic bank management to manage and invest their resources in the Intellectual Capital (IC) in their institution. The main contribution of this paper is to identify the influence of the subcomponent of intellectual capital (IC) on the financial performance of Islamic banks, which was previously rare in Indonesia.

Keywords : Intellectual Capital; iB-VAIC; Financial Performance; Islamic Bank

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