The Internet, the Main Source of HIV/ AIDS Information on Students

Authors : Glodiana Sinanaj , Brunilda Subashi , Arjan Harxhi , Elda Shahinaj

Volume/Issue : Volume 3 - 2018, Issue 1 - January

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HIV continues to be a major public health problem at global level, receiving more than 35 million lives so far. In 2016, at the global level, 1 million people died of HIV related causes. It is important to understand nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes towards people living with HIV because the educational preparation of nurses has been known to affect the attitudes of the nurse and the effectiveness of the care provided to people living with HIV.Purpose of the study: Identification of the main source of Internet access to HIV / AIDS information for students of the Public Health Faculty.Method and Material: This study was conducted at the University “Ismail Qemali” at the Faculty of Public Health. A sample of 337 nursing students agreed to take part in the study, giving an answer. Data was collected using an anonymous questionnaire consisting of three self-administered instruments, socio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitudes. The return of a completed questionnaire is considered as consent to participate in the study.Results: General Nursing students had good knowledge about HIV and AIDS, and a positive attitude toward people with AIDS. However, students in different years of study on some questions presented contradictory results from the overall score of the knowledge level. 43% of respondents believed that mosquitoes could transmit HIV and 27.5% believed that the virus could be transmitted by eating and drinking from the same plate or glass of a person with HIV positive. Most respondents (32.9%) are taught about HIV / AIDS through journals / newspapers / the Internet. 40.3% of the population surveyed have no information on the type of lymphocytes that affects / mainly affects HIV. For the question of which diagnostic tests that are used for the diagnosis of HIV 23.7% do not have information and are expressed that they do not know. 36% of year-old students think that the nursing practice to be followed is: staff should only take protective measures for HIV patients and 43.4% think that AIDS is a treatable disease if diagnosed at an early stage. 16.9% of all nursing students said that AIDS is developing as soon as the person is infected with HIV. Participants report a willingness to take care of people with HIV / AIDS, but there are also those in low percentage who refuse.Conclusions: Nursing students have presented a good knowledge and presented the necessary attitudes for people with HIV and AIDS. There is a need for continuous education of nursing students on HIV-AIDS in the plan for treating the disease not only in the biological but also in the spiritual, social-family, psychological and in the framework of reducing discrimination.

Keywords : Internet, Information, HIV/ AIDS, Nursing, Students.


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