The Pervasive Use of Politeness Strategy by Native Durinese of Massalle Variant Based on Sociolinguistics Analysis


Authors : Hasnia; Hamzah A. Machmoed; Sukmawaty

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 6 - June

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3qPqciR

Politeness has been regarded as a core of social interaction and it has become an important part of civilization. The study seeks to address the nature of politeness strategy use Durinese speakers in Massalle area Sub-district of Masalle, Enrekang District. It also addresses whether politeness expressions consider all variables (Distance, Power, Kinship) as evidence in the previous research. The present research has been conducted in the real setting of speakers of Bahasa Duri by utilizing research instruments, such as direct observations, simulations, field notes, and structured questionnaires. Data were gathered based on the simulated conversation in addition to the direct conversation since the researcher herself is a native speaker of Bahasa Duri. Data were gathered from December 2020 to February 2021. Data obtained from structured questionnaires were recorded and classified. They were then analyzed using the descriptive qualitative method. The analysis came up with a series of findings that partly confirm the validity of previous politeness frameworks, such as Brown and Levinson (1978), with reference to Kinship (K), Distance(D), and Power (P). The finding showed that the three variables account for the choice of politeness markers, such as KI, TA, IKO, KO, and MU. The finding confirms that these variables have a vital role to play in establishing social interaction among speakers of Bahasa Duri.

Keywords : Politeness; Interaction; Kinship, Durinese.

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