This study determined the preparedness of
Criminology Instructors of Data Center College of the
Philippines of Laoag City Inc. tin the adaptation of
flexible learning amidst COVID-19.
The study applied quantitative and qualitative
method utilizing an online and printed survey
questionnaire. A total of 20 Criminology instructors were
taken as respondents.
Weighted mean was used to analyse the respondents’
level of preparedness, the methods used and the problems
encountered in the adaptation of flexible learning.
Frequency was used to analyse the coping mechanisms of
the instructor in adapting flexible learning.
The salient findings of the study were the following.
Tthe level of preparedness of the Criminology instructors
is “very high” as indicated in the composite mean of 3.28,
in addition there is a “high” support from the institution
for them to be prepared as shown in the composite mean
The most effective method used by the Criminology
instructors in the flexible learning is through online chat
groups with the highest weighted mean of 3.80. Other
methods used by the instructors includes: online lecture
notes (3.70); social networking systems (3.45); recorded
lecture audio (3.45); recorded lecture videos (3.45); and
online discussion groups (3.25).
The used of phones, laptops, tables or any devices
for distance learning education is the most pressing
problems encountered by the instructors as shown in the
weighted mean score of 3.30. Other pressing problems
“always” encountered by the criminology instructors
include: having sudden shift from face to face to online
classes (3.35); checking and evaluating students’ output
from e-mail or other platforms (3.35) and; having
unstable internet access intended for distance learning
education (3.30). In addition, results of the interview
showed that instructors also encountered problems on the
submission of outputs on time, absences of students in the
video conferencing and the grading system.
The best coping mechanism adopted by the
instructor is active coping, that is, doing something about
the situation and taking action to negate the problem. The
other coping mechanism adopted by the instructor is the
acceptance, meaning learning to live with the problem or
Based on the findings, it is therefore recommended
that: the DCCP management needs to provide better
instructional support to the instructor, consider the
implementation of the action plan, provide stress
management programs for all employees of the
institution, establish policies and guidelines in the flexible
learning and communicate it all the faculty members of
the institution, establish a grievance committee not only
for the instructors but also for the students to overcome
the different challenges of flexible learning. In addition, it
is also recommended that the instructors must review
Keywords : Flexible Learning, Criminology Instructors, Preparedness, Amidst Covid-19 Pandemic