The Relationship of Pain at the Depression Level of PHQ - 9 (Patient Health Quistionnaire - 9) to the Degree of VAS (Visual Analog Scale) for Pain in Cancer Patients in Haji Adam Malik Hospital Medan

Authors : Mirza Arya Putra Nasution, Akhyar Hamonangan Nasution, Muhammad Ihsan

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar :

Scribd :

 Introduction: Pain and depression are both often found in cancer patients and the relationship between these symptoms has been widely investigated.  Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship of depression level (Patient Health Questionnaire – 9) to the degree of pain (Visual Analog Scale) in cancer patients in Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan.  Method: This study is a quantitative analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted at Haji Adam Malik Hospital (RSUP HAM) from March to April 2019. The total sample obtained was 107. Data collection used the PHQ – 9 and VAS questionnaires.  Results: From the results, the most severe PHQ – 9 depression scores were found to have severe pain levels of 80% and for moderate to severe depression also had the most severe pain levels at 60%. Whereas for minimal depression, mild depression, and moderate depression were had the moderate pain level with each 87.5%, 60%, and 52.3%. Statistically there is a significant relationship of depression level (patient health questionnaire – 9) to the degree of pain (visual analog scale) in cancer patients with a value of p = 0.008 (<0.05).  Conclusions: There is a strong correlation between the level of depression (patient health questionnaire – 9) to the degree of pain (visual analog scale) in cancer patients with values.

Keywords : Depression (Patient Health Questionnaire – 9), Degree of Pain (Visual Analog Scale), Cancer.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - October - 2023

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.