Victim-blaming refers to a tendency to place
sole responsibility for a health behaviour or health
status on the individual attitudes, behaviours, and
lifestyle choices. The victim-blaming approach goes
against the available scientific data and information
from public health and social science research, which
link health behaviour and health status to a
constellation of factors such as social, economic,
cultural, institutional, environmental - level factors -
factors that exist beyond the individual-level.
Concentrating on the individual-level alone in the
complex web of health behaviour and health outcome
causation will not bring about a lasting behaviour
change, since the underlying determinants of most
health behaviour and health outcomes lies in the socio-
cultural and physical environment. Various factors,
biological, genetic, psychological, social and
environmental factors, have been implicated as risk
factors in the initiation and development of substance
use by individuals. These factors can be grouped into
individual or behavioural determinants and socio-
physical environmental determinants.
Keywords : Determinants, Substance Use, Victim-Blaming.