Urban Waste Management and Governance

Authors : ANM Safiqul Alam

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2JQmC6y

The management of urban solid waste is considered one of the most immediate and serious environmental problems facing municipal authorities in developing countries in Asia. Solid waste management is a matter of great concern in developing countries like Bangladesh. Although municipal authorities recognize the importance of proper solid waste collection and disposal as well as resource recovery and recycling, it is largely beyond their resources to deal effectively with the quantity growing solid waste generated by expanding cities. Bangladesh is a developing and densely populated country. The urbanization process is increasing day by day in this country. Dhaka is one of the busiest cities in the world.Overcrowding and huge consumption lead to large amounts of waste.Waste management is one of the most serious and instantaneous problems for Dhaka City Corporation (Islam, 2016). Due to the limited space, locating and constructing a new Solid Waste Management (SWM) facility is a major challenge in DhakaA SWM facility should be recognized socially as well as ecologically and economically. It is therefore seen as one of the most serious environmental problems faced by urban areas in both developed and developing countries. Dhaka also faces difficulties in solid waste management, as almost no sorting is done while dealing with waste, which binds the Solid Waste Management System (SWM) to paralyze and be unproductive and makes any type of recycling impossible. Old waste transportation system that operates with an inadequate number of vehicles, most of which are open to the environment and cause serious environmental pollution.In addition, the absence of a composting system results in untreated organic waste which causes serious pollution (Talukder et. al., 2011). While the current municipal solid waste disposal (MSWM) scenario is far from satisfactory, several results and estimates in the study have shown that there are sufficient ways to deal with and improve the situation. The study recommends giving the highest priority to institutional / organizational strengthening of the guardianship section since without adequate configuration, manpower and adequate equipment it will not be possible to obtain the desired improvements (Das et. al., 2015). In this paper the problems associated with existing SWM of Dhaka is critically discussed and accordingly, some remedies have been proposed such as organic waste will be transported to composting site and the other type inorganic waste will be sent to proper recycling industry. This type of composting and recyclingare proposed for its low cost. The city of Dhaka is almost surrounded by the Buriganga River and all existing dump sites in Dhaka are in addition to several rivers

Keywords : Waste Management, Plastic Waste, Environmental Degradation and Solutions, Recycling, Reuse


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - August - 2022

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