Wearable Sensors in Knee Rehabilitation: A Narrative Review

Authors : Dr. Padmanaban Sekaran; Dr.Subin Xavier; Anmol Saxena; Blessy Biju

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/3uhp93fh

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8201873

Only a few trustworthy assessment tools are available in clinical settings to track knee joint rehabilitation. Rehabilitation of Musculoskeletal injuries continue to adopt and evolve based on the recent evidence, patient needs and emerging technology. Wearable technology has significant clinical applications in diagnosis, documentation, remote monitoring and training. While there are various studies exploring the development, efficacy and accuracy of wearable tech, understanding the clinical application and usefulness of the tech can help its integration into clinical practice better. PUBMED, Springer, and IEEE were searched for eligible studies. With high reliability coefficients, large bounds of agreement, or only a few noticeable errors, all investigations produced good outcomes. They either misreported crucial facts or employed alternative or partially unsuitable approaches for measuring reliability. As a result, a mild risk of bias must be taken into account. In order to synthesis the evidence and make clear recommendations for the clinical usage of wearable movement sensors in knee joint rehabilitation, more quality criterion studies in clinical settings are required.Inertial sensors equipped with tri-axial accelerometers, gyroscopes, and magnetometers is the most common sensor technology that was used in research. Most of the studies have used the tech to analyze gait parameters. The sensor placements were mostly consistent for gait analysis. The overall population studied was minimal, this included a mix of healthy population without preexisting injuries. The tech was easy to adopt and cost effective, however the protocols for measurements could be standardized for routine clinical practice.

Keywords : Wearable Sensors, Knee Joint, Outcome Measure, Technologies, Knee Joint, Rehabilitation.


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30 - November - 2023

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