Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD)
are prevalent among a substantial portion of individuals.
One such challenging condition is temporomandibular
joint arthritis (TMJ arthritis) which is characterized by
inflammation and deterioration of the TMJ. There is a
wide array of imaging techniques available for the
evaluation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ),
encompassing computed tomography (CT), magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI), cone beam CT (CBCT),
conventional radiography, and ultrasonography. CBCT,
as compared to CT, offers the advantage of producing
high-resolution 3-dimensional multiplanar TMJ arthritis
images while requiring a lower radiation dose. CBCT
provides the capability to analyze complex structures,
such as bones, accurately. It additionally reduces
scattered radiation, thereby enhancing image quality.
The purpose of this review article is to comprehensively
analyze the existing literature and research results to
evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of CBCT in
detecting TMJ arthritis.
Keywords : Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD), Temporomandibular Joint Arthritis (TMJ Arthritis), Osteoarthritis (OA).