Effect of Giant Ginger Extract (Zingiber officinale. var. Roscoe) As Toothpaste Ingredients on Saliva pH


Authors : Muhammad Asman Setiawan Jumain; Ari Suwondo; Lanny Sunarjo; Melyana N. Widyawati; Diyah Fatmasari; Jumain

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/gu88

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3IOp3jE

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6331325

According to the results of basic health research (Riskesdas) in 2018, 45.3 % of Indonesian Indonesian has oral healt problem, especially cavities, but only 4.1 % of teeth were filled because of cavities. The government, through the Ministry of Health, set a 2030 target for the Indonesian population to be caries-free, Degree of acidity (pH) of saliva is a factor in development of dental caries, periodontal disease, and other diseases of the oral cavity. The normal pH of saliva in the mouth is 7. The degree of acidity (pH) of saliva is the most important factor to enhance tooth integrity because it can stimulate remineralization, whereas a decrease in salivary pH can cause tooth demineralization. While the remineralization process will reduce the possibility of caries, giant ginger contains ingredients that can help to remineralize the tooth surface. Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of giant ginger extract (zingiber officinale var. Roscoe) toothpaste in preventing the growth of bacteria that causes dental cavities. Method: Laboratory experimental research, using the True Experiment method where this study had a control group with a pretest–posttest with control group design. Saliva samples collected before and after brushing teeth with concentrations of 5%, 10%, 20%, 40%, K(+) and K(-). The pH of the saliva specimen then evaluated, the physical quality test and hedonic test were then conducted, followed by sampling using the Lameshow formula. Based on the inclusion criteria, the sample was divided into two groups: treatment and control, each with 66 based on the inclusion criteria. Result: Since the degree of acidity (pH) of saliva before and after brushing teeth with giant ginger extract toothpaste (Zingiber officinale. var. Roscoe) had a P-value of 0.034 < 0.05 before and after brushing teeth with giant ginger extract toothpaste (Zingiber officinale. var. Roscoe), it was concluded that there was an effect of the degree of acidity (pH) of saliva before and after brushing teeth with giant ginger extract toothpaste. Conclution: The degree of acidity (pH) of saliva before and after brushing teeth are affected by the preparation of giant ginger extract toothpaste (Zingiber officinale var. Roscoe).

Keywords : Caries, pH Saliva, Giant Ginger Extract Toothpaste.

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